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饮食养生:胆管恶性肿瘤怎么治疗

文章目录一、胆管恶性肿瘤怎么治疗1. 胆管恶性肿瘤怎么治疗2. 胆管恶性肿瘤的中医治疗方3. 胆管恶性肿瘤如何护理二、胆管恶性肿瘤吃什么好三、胆管恶性肿瘤要注意什么胆管恶性肿瘤怎么治疗1、胆管恶性肿瘤怎么治疗1.1、手术治疗胆管癌的治疗原则是:早期病例以手术切除为主,术后配合放疗及化疗,以巩固和提高手术治疗效果。

How to treat malignant tumor of bile duct 1. How to treat malignant tumor of bile duct 2. TCM treatment of malignant tumor of bile duct 3 How to care for bile duct malignant tumor 2. What is good for bile duct malignant tumor? 3. What should be paid attention to? How to treat bile duct malignant tumor? 1. 1. The treatment principle of surgical treatment of cholangiocarcinoma is: early cases are mainly surgical resection, postoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy, in order to consolidate and improve the effect of surgical treatment.

1.2、放射治疗外科手术切除是胆管癌惟一的根治性治疗,辅助性放射治疗只能提高患者的生存率,对于不可切除和局部转移的胆管癌经有效的胆道引流后,放疗可以改善患者的症状与延长寿命。

1.2. Radiotherapy surgical resection is the only radical treatment for cholangiocarcinoma. Adjuvant radiotherapy can only improve the survival rate of patients. For unresectable and locally metastatic cholangiocarcinoma after effective biliary drainage, radiotherapy can improve the symptoms and prolong the life of patients.

一般报道放射治疗的中位生存期为9~12个月。

The median survival time of radiotherapy is 9-12 months.

但化疗可能缓解胆管癌所引起的症状、改善患者生活质量,还可能延长存活期。

However, chemotherapy may alleviate the symptoms caused by cholangiocarcinoma, improve the quality of life of patients, and may also prolong the survival period.

【治法】舒肝利胆清热利湿退黄。

[treatment] Shugan Lidan Qingre Lishi Tuihuang.

2.2、热毒炽盛【主症】主证发病急骤,身如金黄,高热烦渴,腹胀满疼痛,神昏谵语,或衄血,便血,右上腹积块痛不可触,口苦口干,大便燥结,舌质红绛,苔黄而燥,脉弦数或细数。

2.2. The main symptom is rapid onset, with golden body, high fever and thirst, abdominal distension, delirium, or bleeding, bloody stool, lump in the right upper abdomen, untouchable pain, bitter mouth and dry mouth, dry stool, red and crimson tongue, yellow and dry fur, and string or fine pulse count.

【治法】清热解毒凉血护阴。

[treatment] clearing away heat and toxin, cooling blood and protecting Yin.

【治法】温里助阳利湿退黄。

[therapeutic method] warming the interior, Promoting Yang, promoting dampness and removing jaundice.

【方药】茵陈四逆汤(《张氏医通》)加减。

[prescription] Yinchen Sini Decoction (Zhang's Yitong) was modified.

医护人员应鼓励病人保持愉快的心态,树立战胜疾病的信心,充分发挥机体的潜在能力,使患者能够积极配合治疗,提高效果。

Medical staff should encourage patients to maintain a happy state of mind, establish the confidence to overcome the disease, give full play to the potential ability of the body, so that patients can actively cooperate with the treatment and improve the effect.

静卧休息时应保持舒适的卧位,一般以左侧卧位、仰卧位为佳,以防胆管部位受压。

In order to prevent the compression of the bile duct, it is better to keep a comfortable position during the rest.

鼓励病人做些力所能及的事,以转移不良情绪,自我调理心态,如练气功、散步、听科普知识,做到动静结合。

Encourage patients to do what they can to transfer their bad emotions and self regulate their mentality, such as practicing Qigong, walking, listening to popular science knowledge, so as to achieve the combination of dynamic and static.

胆管恶性肿瘤吃什么好胆管癌晚期患者身体消耗大,要保证有足够的营养,所以要多吃有营养的食物,防止恶质病。

Cholangiocarcinoma eat what good bile duct cancer patients with advanced body consumption, to ensure adequate nutrition, so to eat more nutritious food, to prevent cachexia.

避免吃刺激性强和不易消化的食物,如辣椒酒,咖啡,浓茶等。

Avoid foods that are irritating and difficult to digest, such as chili wine, coffee, strong tea, etc.

胆管癌晚期患者宜多吃能增强免疫力、抗胆管癌作用的食物,如山药、扁豆、薏米、金针菜、香菇、蘑菇、葵花籽、猕猴桃、无花果、鱼翅、鸡肫、荞麦、豆腐渣、猴头菇。

Patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma should eat more foods that can enhance immunity and resist cholangiocarcinoma, such as yam, lentils, job's tears, broccoli, Lentinus edodes, mushrooms, sunflower seeds, kiwi fruit, fig, shark's fin, chicken gizzard, buckwheat, bean curd residue, Hericium erinaceus.

胆管癌晚期患者会存在恶心、呕吐宜的情况,这个时候可以多吃莼菜、柚子、橘子、枇杷、粟米、核桃、玫瑰、杨桃、无花果、姜、藕、梨、冬菜、芒果、乌梅、莲子。

Patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma will have nausea and vomiting. At this time, they can eat Brasenia schreberi, grapefruit, orange, loquat, corn, walnut, rose, carambola, fig, ginger, lotus root, pear, winter vegetable, mango, plum and lotus seed.

腹泻宜吃扁豆、梨、杨梅、芋艿、栗子、石榴、莲子、芡实、青鱼、白槿花。

Diarrhea should eat lentils, pears, bayberry, taro, chestnut, pomegranate, lotus seed, euryale, herring, hibiscus.

不能饮茶:茶叶中的鞣酸易与低价铁结合,形成不溶性鞣酸铁,阻碍铁质吸收,而人体缺铁会使体内血红蛋白合成减少,加重贫血症状。

Can't drink tea: the tannic acid in tea is easy to combine with low valent iron to form insoluble iron tannate, which hinders iron absorption, while iron deficiency in human body will reduce hemoglobin synthesis in the body and aggravate anemia symptoms.

少食碱性食物:碱性环境不利于铁质吸收,胃酸缺乏也会影响食物中铁游离和转化,因此贫血患者尽量少食用碱性食物,如馒头、荞麦面等。

Eat less alkaline food: alkaline environment is not conducive to iron absorption, and lack of gastric acid will also affect the free and transformation of iron in food. Therefore, anemia patients should eat less alkaline food, such as steamed bread, buckwheat flour, etc.

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