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饮食养生:黄疸肝炎都有哪些症状

患者可能会出现全身发冷,发热、眼球发黄和乏力表现。

The patient may have chills, fever, yellow eyes and fatigue.

黄疸通常会持续2-5周的时间,黄疸性肝炎症状消退时,患者的食欲才能得到恢复,同时肿大的肝脾器官才可以恢复正常。

Jaundice usually lasts for 2-5 weeks. When the symptoms of jaundice hepatitis subside, the patient's appetite can be restored and the enlarged liver and spleen can return to normal.

患者在发病10天左右的时候,可能会出现嗜睡、神志不安和昏迷,应该进行肝功能检查,若是发现凝血酶原时间延长,往往预后效果不佳。

Patients may have drowsiness, restlessness of mind and coma at about 10 days after onset of the disease. Liver function examination should be carried out. If prothrombin time is found to be prolonged, the prognosis is often poor.

一个60公斤体重的人每天允许摄入的酒精量应限制在60克以下。

A person weighing 60 kg should be allowed to consume less than 60 g of alcohol per day.

起病时患者常感畏寒、发热,体温38℃左右,少数患者可持续高热数日。

At the onset of the disease, patients often feel chilly, fever, body temperature of about 38 ℃, a few patients with high fever for several days.

更为突出的症状是全身疲乏无力、食欲减退、恶心、呕吐,尤其厌恶油腻食物,上腹部堵胀满闷,尿黄似浓茶水,大便较稀或便秘。

More prominent symptoms are general fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, especially aversion to greasy food, upper abdomen is blocked and full of tightness, urine yellow like strong tea, loose stool or constipation.

有些患者可伴关节酸痛而被误认为风湿病。

Some patients may be mistaken for rheumatism due to joint pain.

此期中末,查体可发现肝区叩击痛及压痛,半数以上患者肋缘下可触及肝脏,血清丙氨酸氨基转移酶(alt)明显升高,尿胆红素阳性。

At the end of this period, percussion pain and tenderness could be found in the liver area. More than half of the patients could touch the liver under the costal margin. The serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was significantly increased and the urine bilirubin was positive.

这可说明肝硬化病人应多休息。

This shows that patients with liver cirrhosis should rest more.

卧床休息,能减少肝代谢的需要量,增加肝的血流供应量,有利于肝细胞的营养与再生,促进病情稳定。

Bed rest can reduce the requirement of liver metabolism, increase the blood supply of liver, benefit the nutrition and regeneration of liver cells, and promote the stability of the disease.

如不仅不休息,而且劳累过头,则情况恰恰相反,肝细胞还会再次出现坏死,从而加重病情。

If not only do not rest, and overwork, then the situation is just the opposite, liver cells will appear again necrosis, thus aggravating the disease.

2、忌情绪悲观,过于忧郁和懊丧会导致人体免疫功能失调,加重疾病的发展。

2. Avoid pessimistic mood, too depressed and depressed will lead to immune dysfunction, aggravating the development of the disease.

肝硬化病人应象那些以精神力量战胜晚期癌症20年仍健康地活在世上的人那样,坚信自身机体能战胜病魔。

Patients with liver cirrhosis should believe that their body can overcome the disease just like those who have survived cancer for 20 years with mental strength.

所以,要尽量少用药,所用药物必须是非用不可才用。

Therefore, to minimize the use of drugs, the use of drugs must not be used.

黄疸肝炎患者饮食注意事项1、保证充足的热量供给,一般每日以8400~10500千焦(2000~2500千卡)比较适宜。

Jaundice hepatitis patients diet precautions 1, to ensure adequate heat supply, generally 8400 ~ 10500 kJ (2000 ~ 2500 kcal) is more appropriate.

碳水化合物供给主要应通过主食。

Carbohydrate supply should be mainly through staple food.

3、为促进肝细胞的修复与再生、应增加蛋白质供给,一般应占总热能的15%,特别应保证一定数量优质蛋白,如动物性蛋包质、豆制品等的供给。

3. In order to promote the repair and regeneration of hepatocytes, protein supply should be increased, generally accounting for 15% of the total heat energy, especially to ensure a certain amount of high-quality protein, such as animal egg and soybean products.

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