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饮食养生:黄疸肝炎传染期

此期患者的血液、大小便、呕吐物中均含有大量肝炎病毒,因而有很强的传染性。

The blood, stool and vomit of the patients at this stage contain a large number of hepatitis virus, so they are highly infectious.

2.4、补牙、修面、修脚、医疗器械如针具、口腔器材、内镜等消毒不彻底,也可能引起黄疸型肝炎的传播。

2.4. Incomplete disinfection of filling teeth, shaving, pedicure, medical instruments such as needles, oral appliances, endoscopes, etc. may also cause the transmission of icteric hepatitis.

这时期最重要的就是要对患者进行心理治疗,家人应该多开导,让患者重拾希望和信心。

In this period, the most important thing is to give psychological treatment to the patients. The family should give more guidance to the patients, so that they can regain hope and confidence.

但是切忌盲目选择,最好是在医生的指导下服用适宜的药物,这样才利于病情的好转。

But avoid blind choice, it is best to take appropriate drugs under the guidance of doctors, so as to improve the condition.

黄疸型肝炎吃什么好1、如果急性黄疸型肝炎患者表现为乏力、烦躁、厌油腻、食欲不振等情况,可以吃些南瓜、糯米、杏仁、橘红、莱菔子等食物,并可以饮用芦根、麦门冬泡的茶;2、如果急性黄疸型肝炎患者是黄色昏暗、口淡不渴、腹胀胸闷,应该多食些乳类、鱼类、蛋类、莲子粥、蔗糖、葡萄糖之类的食物;3、如果急性黄疸型肝炎患者的黄疸色泽鲜明,并伴有口渴、发热、恶心、呕吐等症状,则吃一些干凉的食物比较好,比如冬瓜、西瓜、绿豆粥、水果、蜂蜜等;4、如果急性黄疸型肝炎患者的病情加重,并且黄疸现象迅速加深、高热或腹水、口干舌燥等症状,应该食些黄瓜、木耳汤、山楂片、绿豆粥等,还可以进食含有各种维生素的食物,以新鲜的蔬菜和水果为主。

What to eat for icteric hepatitis: 1. If patients with acute icteric hepatitis show fatigue, irritability, greasiness and loss of appetite, they can eat some pumpkin, glutinous rice, almond, orange red, Raphani seed and other foods, and can drink the tea made by reed root and ophiopogon; 2. If the patients with acute jaundice hepatitis are yellow and dim, thirsty, bloated and chest tightness, Should eat more milk, fish, eggs, lotus seed porridge, sugar, glucose and other food; 3, if the color of jaundice in patients with acute icteric hepatitis is bright, and accompanied by thirst, fever, nausea, vomiting and other symptoms, it is better to eat some dry and cool food, such as winter melon, watermelon, mung bean porridge, fruit, honey, etc.; 4. If the condition of patients with acute icteric hepatitis worsens, And jaundice phenomenon rapidly deepened, high fever or ascites, dry mouth and other symptoms, should eat some cucumber, agaric soup, hawthorn slices, mung bean porridge, etc., can also eat food containing various vitamins, mainly fresh vegetables and fruits.

但一般的生活接触如谈话、共用家具、电器、书籍等、都不会导致传播。

But ordinary life contact, such as talking, sharing furniture, electrical appliances, books, etc., will not lead to communication.

3、急性黄疸型肝炎患者在饮食上宜清淡可口,控制高脂肪和高糖饮食,应适当增加蛋白质和维生素含量丰富的食物。

3. Patients with acute jaundice hepatitis should be light and delicious in their diet. High fat and high sugar diet should be controlled and food rich in protein and vitamin should be appropriately increased.

4、忌劳累,中医认为,人动血分经络,人卧血归肝脾。

4. Avoid fatigue, traditional Chinese medicine believes that people move blood meridians, people lie blood return to liver and spleen.

卧床休息,能减少肝代谢的需要量,增加肝的血流供应量,有利于肝细胞的营养与再生,促进病情稳定。

Bed rest can reduce the requirement of liver metabolism, increase the blood supply of liver, benefit the nutrition and regeneration of liver cells, and promote the stability of the disease.

5、忌滥服药物,由于肝硬化时肝功能降低,药物在肝内的解毒过程大大减慢,药物可在体内蓄积,特别是麻醉药和镇静药不仅对肝脏有直接毒性作用,而且会诱发肝昏迷。

5. Avoid overuse of drugs. Due to the decrease of liver function during liver cirrhosis, the detoxification process of drugs in the liver is greatly slowed down. Drugs can accumulate in the body. Especially anesthetics and sedatives not only have direct toxic effects on the liver, but also induce liver coma.

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