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饮食养生:慢性黄疸肝炎的症状

1.2、发热,病毒性肝炎在黄疸出现前常有低热,少数病例可发生高热。

2. Fever, viral hepatitis before jaundice often have low fever, a few cases can occur high fever.

胆管炎发热,一般在中等度以上,多伴有寒战,常发生在上腹剧烈绞痛之后,接着出现黄疸。

Above, often accompanied by severe upper cholangitis.

此期中末,血清丙氨酸氨基转移酶(alt)明显升高,尿胆红素阳性。

At the end of this period, serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was significantly increased and urine bilirubin was positive.

3、黄疸期的临床表现热退后出现黄疸,常见巩膜首现黄染,继而全身皆黄,于数日至2~3周内达顶峰。

3. The clinical manifestation of jaundice is jaundice after fever regression. The sclera is often yellow at the first time, and then the whole body is yellow. It reaches the peak in a few days to 2-3 weeks.

多数为轻度至中度黄疸。

Most of them were mild to moderate jaundice.

此时血液白细胞计数一般正常或稍低,分类计数淋巴细胞偏高,可有少数异常淋巴细胞出现。

At this time, the white blood cell count is generally normal or slightly low, the classified count of lymphocytes is high, and a few abnormal lymphocytes may appear.

血清alt活力显著升高,常在400u以上,此期持续2~6周或更久。

The activity of serum ALT increased significantly, usually above 400 u, which lasted for 2-6 weeks or more.

在机体的免疫反应作用下,一起损害肝细胞,使肝细胞水肿、破坏使肝脏组织发生炎性侵润,充血、水肿、渗出、肝细胞变性和坏死等一系列变化。

Under the action of the immune response of the body, it damages the liver cells together, makes the liver cells edema and destruction, and makes the liver tissues have a series of changes, such as inflammatory infiltration, congestion, edema, exudation, degeneration and necrosis of liver cells.

这样就影响了肝组织的正常状态和结构,损害了肝脏的胆红素代谢的各种功能。

This will affect the normal state and structure of liver tissue and damage the various functions of liver bilirubin metabolism.

前者可以沉着到脑神经核上,越积越多,影响神经的功能,能引起危害极大的核黄疸。

The former can sink to the brain nucleus, the more accumulation, affect the function of the nerve, can cause great harm to the nuclear jaundice.

核黄疸轻者会影响人的大脑,重者当时就会危及生命。

Nuclear jaundice can affect the human brain in mild cases and life-threatening in severe cases.

3、易引起的并发症:本病的转归与黄疸的性质、体质强弱、治疗护理等因素有关。

3. Easy to cause complications: the outcome of the disease is related to the nature of jaundice, physical strength, treatment and nursing.

阳黄、阴黄、急黄虽性质不同,轻重有别,但在一定条件下可互相转化。

Although Yang Huang, Yin Huang and acute Huang are different in nature and weight, they can be transformed into each other under certain conditions.

黄疸肝炎的饮食注意1、保证充足的热量供给,一般每日以8400~10500千焦(2000~2500千卡)比较适宜。

Jaundice hepatitis diet attention 1, to ensure adequate heat supply, generally 8400 ~ 10500 kJ (2000 ~ 2500 kcal) is more appropriate.

2、碳水化合物,一般可占总热能的60~70%。

2. Carbohydrates generally account for 60-70% of the total energy.

碳水化合物供给主要应通过主食。

Carbohydrate supply should be mainly through staple food.

3、为促进肝细胞的修复与再生、应增加蛋白质供给,一般应占总热能的15%,特别应保证一定数量优质蛋白,如动物性蛋包质、豆制品等的供给。

3. In order to promote the repair and regeneration of hepatocytes, protein supply should be increased, generally accounting for 15% of the total heat energy, especially to ensure a certain amount of high-quality protein, such as animal egg and soybean products.

4、脂肪摄入一般可不加限制,因肝炎病人多有厌油及食欲不振等症状,通常情况下,不会出现脂肪摄入过多的问题。

4. Fat intake can not be limited in general, because hepatitis patients have symptoms such as anorexia and anorexia, usually, there will not be excessive fat intake.

5、保证维生素供给。

5. Ensure vitamin supply.

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