圣贤养生(原神灸网)

饮食养生:慢性胆囊炎和胆石症的区别

文章目录一、慢性胆囊炎和胆石症的区别二、胆石症的病因三、胆囊炎合并胆石症的护理慢性胆囊炎和胆石症的区别1、慢性胆囊炎和胆石症的区别慢性胆囊炎和胆石症是消化系统常见疾病,二者常同时存在,互为因果,故合并叙述。

Contents 1. Differences between chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis; 2. Etiology of cholelithiasis; 3. Nursing care of cholecystitis complicated with cholelithiasis; 1. Difference between chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis; 2. Chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis are common digestive system diseases, and they often exist at the same time and cause and effect each other. Therefore, they are described together.

慢性胆囊炎(chronic cholecystitis),系胆囊慢性病变,大多数合并胆囊结石,少数为非胆石性慢性胆囊炎。

Chronic cholecystitis is a chronic disease of the gallbladder, most of which are complicated with gallstones and a few are non gallstone chronic cholecystitis.

胆石症(gallstones或choleliths), 胆管或胆囊产生胆石而引起剧烈的腹痛、黄疸、发烧等症状之疾病,称为“胆石症”。

Gallstones (gallstones or choleliths) is a disease in which gallstones are produced in the bile duct or gallbladder and cause severe abdominal pain, jaundice, fever and other symptoms.

2.3、右上腹痛:患者还常感右肩胛骨下或右腰部隐痛,有时和胆绞痛相仿。

2.3, right upper abdominal pain: patients often feel right scapula or right lumbar dull pain, sometimes similar to biliary colic.

偶可扪及肿大的胆囊,亦可在第8~10胸椎右侧有压痛。

Occasionally, the enlarged gallbladder can be palpated, and tenderness can be found on the right side of the 8th to 10th thoracic vertebrae.

3、慢性胆囊炎的病因3.1、慢性结石性胆囊炎 与急性胆囊炎一样,因为胆囊结石引起急性胆囊炎反复小发作而成,也即慢性胆囊炎和急性胆囊炎是同一疾病不同阶段的表现。

3. The etiology of chronic cholecystitis 3.1, chronic calculous cholecystitis and acute cholecystitis, because gallstones caused acute cholecystitis repeated small attacks, that is, chronic cholecystitis and acute cholecystitis are different stages of the same disease.

3.3、伴有结石的慢性萎缩性胆囊炎 又称瓷瓶样胆囊。

3. 3. Chronic atrophic cholecystitis with stone is also called porcelain bottle gallbladder.

2、人种因素亦与发病相关,如美国西部印第安人患病率超过75%,是全球胆石最高发的人群。

2. Ethnic factors are also associated with the disease. For example, the prevalence of gallstone in American Western Indians is more than 75%, which is the highest incidence of gallstone in the world.

3、在饮食习惯中,凡蛋白质、脂肪、或糖类其中任何一类吃得多者,其胆囊结石或胆固醇结石发病率较高。

3. In eating habits, the incidence rate of gallstones or cholesterol gallstones is higher in any category of protein, fat or sugar.

5、某些内分泌激素水平也与胆结石形成有关。

5. Some endocrine hormone levels are also associated with gallstone formation.

怀孕、肥胖、西化的饮食、全胃肠外营养等因素可增加胆结石的患病风险。

Pregnancy, obesity, westernized diet, total parenteral nutrition and other factors can increase the risk of gallstone.

胆囊炎合并胆石症的护理1、保持良好情绪:由于慢性胆囊炎病程持续时间长,容易复发仅靠短期的医院治疗和康复远远不能解决患者的实际问题。

Cholecystitis combined with cholelithiasis nursing 1, maintain good mood: because of the long duration of chronic cholecystitis, easy to relapse, only rely on short-term hospital treatment and rehabilitation can not solve the actual problems of patients.

护理人员应针对具体患者康复各个阶段的实际心理变化,予以情绪支持,进行心理指导,从而使其在今后长期的生活和工作中保持良好的情绪。

The nursing staff should give emotional support and psychological guidance according to the actual psychological changes of specific patients in each stage of rehabilitation, so as to keep them in good mood in long-term life and work in the future.

另外,应动员社会和家庭的支持,这不但为患者提供生活便利,更可以使其感受到环境的温暖,坚定治疗疾病的信心。

In addition, social and family support should be mobilized, which not only provides convenience for patients, but also enables them to feel the warmth of the environment and strengthen their confidence in the treatment of diseases.

一般来说,本病虽然难以完全治愈但癌变率在3%左右,因此患者应增强信心积极治疗。

Generally speaking, although the disease is difficult to completely cure, but the canceration rate is about 3%. Therefore, patients should strengthen confidence and actively treat.

3、合理安排饮食:戒烟戒酒,避免高脂肪、高胆固醇、高热量食物,每餐饮食定量、营养均衡,在急性发作时则更要控制饮食。

3. Reasonable diet: quit smoking and drinking, avoid high fat, high cholesterol, high calorie food, each meal ration, nutrition balance, in the acute attack more control diet.

饮食养生:慢性胆囊炎和胆石症的区别

文章目录一、慢性胆囊炎和胆石症的区别二、胆石症的病因三、胆囊炎合并胆石症的护理慢性胆囊炎和胆石症的区别1、慢性胆囊炎和胆石症的区别慢性胆囊炎和胆石症是消化系统常

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