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饮食养生:黄疸肝炎是如何引起的

在机体的免疫反应作用下,一起损害肝细胞,使肝细胞水肿、破坏使肝脏组织发生炎性浸润,充血、水肿、渗出、肝细胞变性和坏死等一系列变化。

In the body's immune response, damage liver cells together, make liver cells edema, destruction, liver tissue inflammatory infiltration, congestion, edema, exudation, hepatocyte degeneration and necrosis and a series of changes.

这种胆红素是一种黄色的色素,与弹性硬蛋白的组织结合最紧密,因此,含有丰富弹性硬蛋白的巩膜、皮肤最易显出黄色,而黄染消退也较其它组织缓慢。

This bilirubin is a kind of yellow pigment, which is most closely bound with elastin tissue. Therefore, sclera and skin rich in elastin are most likely to show yellow, and yellow staining subsides more slowly than other tissues.

2、黄疸肝炎临床表现近期内出现的持续数天的乏力、厌油腻、恶心等,严重者可出现极度乏力,食欲减退、呕吐明显等,甚至迅速出现Ⅱ度以上肝性脑病。

2. The clinical manifestations of jaundice hepatitis include fatigue, greasiness and nausea lasting for several days in the near future. In severe cases, extreme fatigue, anorexia and vomiting may occur, and even hepatic encephalopathy of degree II or above may occur rapidly.

化验检查血液会出现肝功能下降的表现,如转氨酶升高等。

Laboratory examination of blood will appear the performance of liver function decline, such as transaminase rise.

尿中胆红素阳性,尿胆原常增加,同样粪中尿胆原含量可正常、减少或缺如。

Urine Bilirubin positive, urine cholegen often increased, the same fecal urine cholegen content can be normal, reduced or absent.

肝功能试验根据不同病因可出现下列指标异常:转氨酶升高;凝血酶原时间异常;严重肝病时,也可出现胆固醇、胆固醇酯、胆碱酯酶活力下降等;伴有肝内瘀胆时,碱性磷酸酶可升高;血清白蛋白下降。

According to different causes of liver function test, the following indexes can be abnormal: elevated transaminase; abnormal prothrombin time; decreased activity of cholesterol, cholesterol ester and cholinesterase in severe liver disease; increase of alkaline phosphatase and decrease of serum white protein when accompanied with intrahepatic cholestasis.

b超、ct等对肝脏形态学变化的诊断有帮助。

B ultrasound and CT are helpful in the diagnosis of liver morphological changes.

个人的良好卫生对疾病的传播起着决定性作用。

Good personal hygiene plays a decisive role in the spread of diseases.

其次,针对接触过黄疸型肝炎患者的人,要采取隔离的措施,以免更多的人们受到黄疸型肝炎的侵害。

Secondly, for those who have been exposed to icteric hepatitis patients, isolation measures should be taken to avoid more people suffering from jaundice hepatitis.

要防止黄疸型肝炎的逐渐蔓延,就必须对接触者隔离观察至潜伏期结束。

In order to prevent the gradual spread of icteric hepatitis, it is necessary to isolate and observe the contacts until the end of the incubation period.

最后,人们可以注射疫苗防止受到黄疸型肝炎的传染,在接触乙肝病人后及时注射一针乙肝高效免疫球蛋白,2-4周后注射第1针乙肝疫苗,于1个月及6个月时再注射第2-3针乙肝疫苗,接触甲方肝病人,在2周内,肌内注射含抗甲肝抗体的丙种球蛋白。

Finally, people can be injected with vaccine to prevent the infection of icteric hepatitis. After contacting hepatitis B patients, they should be injected with a dose of high-efficiency hepatitis B immunoglobulin in time, the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine after 2-4 weeks, and the second-third dose of hepatitis B vaccine after 1 month and 6 months. Contact with hepatitis A patients, intramuscular injection of gamma globulin containing anti hepatitis A antibody is carried out within 2 weeks.

3、为促进肝细胞的修复与再生、应增加蛋白质供给,一般应占总热能的15%,特别应保证一定数量优质蛋白,如动物性蛋包质、豆制品等的供给。

3. In order to promote the repair and regeneration of hepatocytes, protein supply should be increased, generally accounting for 15% of the total heat energy, especially to ensure a certain amount of high-quality protein, such as animal egg and soybean products.

5、保证维生素供给。

5. Ensure vitamin supply.

维生素b1、维生素b2、尼克酸等b族维生素以及维生素c,对于改善症状有重要作用。

Vitamin B1, vitamin B2, nicotinic acid and other B vitamins and vitamin C play an important role in improving symptoms.

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