圣贤养生(原神灸网)

饮食养生:婴儿怎样预防黄疸

1.4、婴儿出生后就应密切观察其巩膜黄疸情况,及时了解黄疸的出现时间及消退时间,发现黄疸应尽早治疗,并观察黄疸色泽变化以了解黄疸的进退。

1.4. The scleral jaundice of infants should be closely observed after birth, and the occurrence time and extinction time of jaundice should be timely understood. If jaundice is found, it should be treated as soon as possible, and the color change of jaundice should be observed to understand the advance and retreat of jaundice.

2、婴儿黄疸的临床症状2.1、生理性黄疸轻者呈浅黄色局限于面颈部,或波及躯干,巩膜亦可黄染,2~3日后消退,至第5~6日皮色恢复正常;重者黄疸同样先头后足可遍及全身,呕吐物及脑脊液等也能黄染,时间长达1周以上,特别是个别早产儿可持续至4周,其粪仍系黄色,尿中无胆红素。

2. The clinical symptoms of infant jaundice 2.1. The mild cases of physiological jaundice are light yellow, limited to the face and neck, or affect the trunk. The sclera can also be yellow stained, subside after 2-3 days, and the skin color will return to normal on the 5th-6th day. In severe cases, jaundice can also spread throughout the whole body, vomit and cerebrospinal fluid can also be yellow, lasting for more than 1 week, especially for some premature infants, their feces are still yellow, There is no bilirubin in urine.

2.4、新生儿一般情况好,无贫血,肝脾不肿大,肝功能正常,不发生核黄疸。

2.4. The general condition of the newborn is good, no anemia, no enlargement of liver and spleen, normal liver function and no nuclear jaundice.

3、婴儿黄疸的不良影响医学上把未满月(出生28天内)宝宝的黄疸,称之为新生儿黄疸,新生儿黄疸是指新生儿时期,由于胆红素代谢异常引起血中胆红素水平升高而出现于皮肤、黏膜及巩膜黄疸为特征的病症。

3. The adverse effects of infant jaundice in medicine, the jaundice of infants under the age of 28 days is called neonatal jaundice. Neonatal jaundice refers to the disease characterized by jaundice of skin, mucous membrane and sclera due to abnormal bilirubin metabolism.

延迟喂奶(开奶晚)、呕吐、生时及生后缺氧、寒冷、胎粪排出晚均可加重生理性黄疸。

Delayed feeding (late opening of milk), vomiting, hypoxia during and after birth, cold, late meconium excretion can aggravate physiological jaundice.

新生儿abo溶血、rh溶血、先天性胆道闭锁、婴儿肝炎综合症、败血病等,可造成病理性黄疸。

Neonatal ABO hemolysis, Rh hemolysis, congenital biliary atresia, infantile hepatitis syndrome, septicemia, etc., can cause pathological jaundice.

婴儿黄疸的治疗方法1、光照疗法:是降低血清未结合胆红素简单而有效的方法。

Infant jaundice treatment method 1, light therapy: is to reduce serum unconjugated bilirubin simple and effective method.

但换血需要一定的条件,亦可产生一些不良反应,故应严格掌握指征。

However, exchange transfusion needs certain conditions and can produce some adverse reactions, so the indications should be strictly controlled.

3、药物治疗:供应白蛋白,纠正代谢性酸中毒,肝酶诱导剂(如苯巴比妥),静脉使用免疫球蛋白。

3. Drug treatment: albumin supply, correction of metabolic acidosis, liver enzyme inducer (such as phenobarbital), intravenous immunoglobulin.

3、观察婴儿的变化:密切观察心率、心音、贫血程度及肝脏大小变化,早期预防和治疗心力衰竭。

3. Observe the changes of infants: closely observe heart rate, heart sounds, anemia degree and liver size changes, early prevention and treatment of heart failure.

4、怀孕期间饮食要注意:胎黄常因孕母遭受湿热侵袭而累及胎儿,致使胎儿出生后出现胎黄,故妊娠期间,孕母应注意饮食有节,不过食生冷,不过饥过饱,并忌酒和辛热之品,以防损伤脾胃。

4. Pay attention to diet during pregnancy: fetal jaundice often affects the fetus due to the invasion of dampness and heat, resulting in fetal jaundice after birth. Therefore, during pregnancy, pregnant women should pay attention to diet sparingly, but eat raw and cold food, but hunger and excessive satiety, and avoid alcohol and hot goods, in order to prevent damage to the spleen and stomach.

饮食养生:婴儿怎样预防黄疸

1.4、婴儿出生后就应密切观察其巩膜黄疸情况,及时了解黄疸的出现时间及消退时间,发现黄疸应尽早治疗,并观察黄疸色泽变化以了解黄疸的进退。1.4. The scleral jaundice of i

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