圣贤养生(原神灸网)

饮食养生:什么动物胆有毒

因为鱼胆中含有“鱼胆毒素”,这种毒素毒性很强,而且具有耐热、耐酸的特性,在烹调中不会被分解。

Because fish gall contains "fish gall toxin", this toxin is very toxic, and has the characteristics of heat resistance and acid resistance, so it will not be decomposed in cooking.

比较严重的鱼胆中毒患者,除了上述胃肠道症状外,还会有肝脏损害的表现,如肝肿大,肝区触痛、扣击痛,皮肤、眼巩膜发黄,血清转氨酶升高;肾脏的表现如腰痛,肾区扣击痛,少尿、无尿、蛋白尿、显微镜下见到尿中有红细胞和管型等;心血管系统的损害,如血压升高或降低,面部、下肢或全身的水肿;神经系统的损害,如头痛、嗜睡、神志模糊、谵语、抽搐昏迷等等。

In addition to the above gastrointestinal symptoms, patients with severe fish gall poisoning may also have liver damage, such as hepatomegaly, tenderness in liver area, yellowing of skin and eye sclera, and elevated serum transaminase; renal manifestations such as low back pain, kidney pain, oliguria, anuria, proteinuria, red blood cells and tube type in urine under microscope; cardiovascular system damage, Such as blood pressure rise or decrease, facial, lower limb or systemic edema; nervous system damage, such as headache, drowsiness, confusion, delirium, convulsive coma and so on.

如果距离近即送医院诊治。

If the distance is close, send to the hospital for treatment.

鱼胆怎么引起中毒一般情况下,引起鱼胆中毒的鱼类主要是淡水养殖的青鱼、草鱼、鲢鱼、鳙鱼、鲤鱼。

How to cause fish gall poisoning? In general, the fish causing fish gall poisoning are mainly black carp, grass carp, silver carp, bighead carp and carp cultured in fresh water.

0.5千克~2千克重的鱼,其鱼胆就可使人中毒;如果是5千克以上的鱼的鱼胆,一个吃下去就可致人死亡。

The fish gall of fish weighing 0.5 kg to 2 kg can cause poisoning; if it is the fish gall of more than 5 kg, one can cause death.

1、胆汁毒素被胃肠道吸收,首先到达肝脏进行生化解毒,导致中毒性肝炎。

1. Bile toxins are absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract and reach the liver for biochemical detoxification, leading to toxic hepatitis.

2、胆汁毒素通过血液循环,损害其他器官,如中毒性心肌炎、脑细胞损伤。

2. Bile toxins through the blood circulation, damage other organs, such as toxic myocarditis, brain cell damage.

4、胆汁毒素还可使呼吸酶——细胞色素氧化酶等活力大大降低,刺激血管神经使血压升高,出现中毒性综合征,危及生命。

4. Bile toxin can also greatly reduce the activity of respiratory enzyme cytochrome oxidase, stimulate blood vessels and nerves, increase blood pressure, and cause toxic syndrome, which is life-threatening.

2、对消化系统的作用胆酸钠(胆盐)为牛、猪、羊等动物胆汁中提取的胆盐混合物,是天然利胆药物,口服可增加胆汁分泌,乳化不溶于水的脂肪,以利于胰脂酶对脂肪的作用,促进脂肪稍化产物和脂溶性维生素a、d、k、e的吸收。

2. Effect on digestive system sodium cholate (bile salt) is a mixture of bile salt extracted from the bile of cattle, pigs, sheep and other animals. It is a natural cholagogic drug. Oral administration can increase bile secretion and emulsify water-insoluble fat, so as to facilitate the action of pancreatic lipase on fat, and promote the absorption of fat products and fat soluble vitamins A, D, K and E.

去氢胆酸为猪、牛、羊胆汁提取的胆酸氧化而成,也能促进胆汁分泌,主要增加胆汁中的水分,其利胆作用迅速,维持时间短,尚能促进胆道中小结石的排出。

Dehydrocholic acid is oxidized from bile extracted from pig, cattle and sheep. It can also promote bile secretion and mainly increase water content in bile. Its cholagogic effect is rapid and its maintenance time is short. It can also promote the discharge of small and medium-sized stones in the bile duct.

饮食养生:什么动物胆有毒

因为鱼胆中含有“鱼胆毒素”,这种毒素毒性很强,而且具有耐热、耐酸的特性,在烹调中不会被分解。Because fish gall contains "fish gall toxin", this toxin is very toxic,

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