圣贤养生(原神灸网)

饮食养生:胆囊切除有什么后遗症

进食后,胆囊收缩,使胆汁浓缩成肠,与胃和十二指肠的分泌和蠕动同步。

After eating, the gallbladder shrinks and the bile is concentrated into the intestine, which is synchronized with the secretion and peristalsis of the stomach and duodenum.

胆囊切除后胆汁持续进入肠道而又缺乏食物和胃酸的中和,胆汁可在十二指肠内淤积而逆流入胃,使胃内ph值升高,细菌繁殖,而使胃粘膜充血、水肿、脆性增加,胃腺体萎缩及溃疡形成。

After cholecystectomy, bile continues to enter the intestinal tract and lacks the neutralization of food and gastric acid. Bile can accumulate in the duodenum and counter flow into the stomach, which increases the pH value in the stomach, causes bacterial reproduction, and causes congestion, edema and brittleness of gastric mucosa, atrophy of gastric glands and formation of ulcer.

而内镜保胆取息肉是在胆囊腔内施行手术,根本不可能伤及胆囊周围器官,可以避免此并发症。

However, it is impossible to damage the organs around the gallbladder and avoid this complication.

手术大体步骤是:医师在病人右侧肋缘下或者经腹直肌切口。

The general procedure of the operation is as follows: the surgeon should make an incision under the right costal margin or through the rectus abdominis muscle.

根据病人实际情况,决定切除胆囊的方法。

According to the patient's actual situation, decide the method of cholecystectomy.

在腹腔镜下,胆囊切除术大概需要十五分钟,如若需要开腹,则大概需要四十分钟左右。

Under laparoscopy, cholecystectomy takes about 15 minutes, and if laparotomy is required, it takes about 40 minutes.

根据步骤和时间看,这个手术确实不复杂,可以称为是小手术。

According to the steps and time, the operation is not complicated, which can be called a minor operation.

上文说了胆囊切除术是小手术吗这个问题的答案不唯一,是因为这个手术术后可能会产生并发症。

As mentioned above, is cholecystectomy a minor operation? The answer to this question is not unique because complications may occur after the operation.

根据并发症看,这个手术也有一定的风险,所以可以说是胆囊切除术也算一定程度的大手术。

According to the complications, the operation also has a certain risk, so it can be said that cholecystectomy is also a major operation to a certain extent.

要多吃能促进胆汁分泌和松弛胆道括约肌及利胆的食物,如山楂、乌梅、玉米须等。

To eat can promote bile secretion and relaxation of biliary sphincter and cholagogic food, such as hawthorn, plum, corn silk and so on.

注意保持情绪稳定,乐观豁达,避免发怒、焦虑、忧郁等不良情绪的产生,以防止中枢神经和植物神经的调节机能发生紊乱,影响胆管代偿功能的恢复。

Attention should be paid to maintaining emotional stability, optimistic and open-minded, avoiding the generation of anger, anxiety, depression and other adverse emotions, so as to prevent the central nervous system and autonomic nerve from disorder and affect the recovery of bile duct compensatory function.

胆囊切除后要注意什么忌吃含胆固醇高的食物,如动物内脏等;忌吃高脂肪食物,因它能引起胆囊收缩,如肥肉、猪油、油煎、油炸食品;忌暴饮暴食,因这样可促进胆汁分泌;忌辛辣刺激的食物;五忌烟、酒、油、茶和咖啡。

Cholecystectomy should pay attention to what to avoid high cholesterol food, such as animal viscera; avoid high-fat food, because it can cause gallbladder contraction, such as fat, lard, fried food; avoid overeating, because it can promote bile secretion; avoid spicy food; five taboo smoke, wine, oil, tea and coffee.

保持大便通畅。

Keep your stool unobstructed.

如果出现3天以上不解大便的情况,可服一些轻泻剂(乳果糖等)。

If there is more than 3 days do not understand the situation of defecation, you can take some laxatives (lactulose, etc.).

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