圣贤养生(原神灸网)

饮食养生:生理和病理黄疸的区别

文章目录一、生理和病理黄疸的区别二、会引起黄疸的因素有哪些三、晒太阳治黄疸有用吗生理和病理黄疸的区别1、生理和病理黄疸的区别1.1、从出现时间上区分生理性黄疸一般出现在足月儿(胎龄满37周不满42周的新生儿)生后2~3天出现黄疸;早产儿(胎龄不足37周的新生儿)生后3~5天出现黄疸。

The difference between physiological jaundice and pathological jaundice is the difference between physiological jaundice and pathological jaundice. What factors can cause jaundice? Is it useful to treat jaundice by sun? 1. The difference between physiological jaundice and pathological jaundice 1.1. The difference between physiological jaundice and pathological jaundice generally occurs in 2-3 days after birth of full-term infants (newborns with gestational age of 37 weeks but less than 42 weeks); Jaundice occurred 3-5 days after birth in preterm infants (newborns with gestational age less than 37 weeks).

病理性黄疸皮肤呈金黄色,甚至桔黄色,或黄疸遍及全身,手心、足底也有较明显的黄染。

Pathological jaundice skin is golden yellow, even orange, or jaundice throughout the body, palms, soles also have more obvious yellow staining.

1.4、从一般情况区分生理性黄疸新生儿一般情况良好,体温正常,食欲好,睡眠、哭声、精神状态和平常一样,体重渐增,大便及尿色正常。

1.4. Distinguish physiological jaundice from general conditions. Newborns are generally in good condition, with normal body temperature and good appetite. Their sleep, crying and mental state are the same as usual. They gradually gain weight and have normal stool and urine color.

2、新生儿黄疸的病因黄疸是新生儿时期最常见的症状,引起新生儿黄疸的原因有以下几种:2.1、生理性黄疸新生儿生理性黄疸是新生儿时期所特有的一种现象,由于胎儿在宫内低氧环境下,血液中的红细胞生成过多,且这类红细胞多不成熟,易被破坏,胎儿出生后,造成胆红素生成过多,约为成人的两倍;另一方面,新生儿肝脏功能不成熟,使胆红素代谢受限制等原因,造成新生儿在一段时间出现黄疸现象。

2. The etiology of neonatal jaundice jaundice is the most common symptom in neonatal period. The causes of neonatal jaundice are as follows: 2.1. Physiological jaundice neonatal physiological jaundice is a unique phenomenon in neonatal period. Due to the fetus in the intrauterine hypoxic environment, there are too many red blood cells in the blood, which are immature and easy to be destroyed, On the other hand, the liver function of the newborn is not mature, so that the metabolism of bilirubin is restricted, resulting in jaundice in the newborn for a period of time.

3、新生儿黄疸的治疗生理性黄疸在黄疸期间多喂新生儿温开水或葡萄糖水利尿,不需特殊治疗。

3. Treatment of neonatal jaundice physiological jaundice during jaundice to feed the newborn warm boiled water or glucose water conservancy urine, do not need special treatment.

通过照光,能让体内的胆红素转换成其他物质,使得体内不断堆积的胆红素找到另一个出口,黄疸的症状就能改善。

Through illumination, the bilirubin in the body can be converted into other substances, so that the bilirubin accumulated in the body can find another outlet, and the symptoms of jaundice can be improved.

但是照光后仍无法改善的宝宝,必须以药物或换血来治疗。

But the baby that still can't improve after illumination must be treated with medicine or exchange blood.

如果黄疸是由于胆道闭锁所形成的,就需要用手术治疗了。

If jaundice is due to biliary atresia, it needs to be treated with surgery.

2、由于结石和肝、胆、胰肿瘤以及其它炎症,致使胆道梗阻,胆汁不能排入小肠,就可造成肝后性黄疽。

2. As a result of stone and liver, gallbladder, pancreatic tumor and other inflammation, resulting in biliary obstruction, bile can not be discharged into the small intestine, can cause posthepatic jaundice.

5、药物类损害有服药史,服用氯丙臻、消炎痛、苯巴比妥类、磺胺类、对氨水杨酸、卡巴胂等,可致中毒性肝炎。

5. Drug damage has a history of medication, taking chlorpromazine, indomethacin, phenobarbital, sulfonamides, p-aminosalicylic acid, CARBARSONE, etc., can cause toxic hepatitis.

此时胃肠道症状不明显,黄疸出现之前无发热,血清转氨酶升高很明显,但絮浊反应正常等可资鉴别。

At this time, the gastrointestinal symptoms were not obvious, there was no fever before jaundice, the serum transaminase increased obviously, but the turbidity reaction was normal.

普通玻璃是可以透蓝光的,所以当室外温度不适宜的时候,避免感冒或者晒伤比降低胆红素浓度要重要的多,建议调整室内温度,隔着玻璃晒太阳这种方式对于生理性黄疸可行。

Ordinary glass can penetrate blue light, so when the outdoor temperature is not suitable, avoiding cold or sunburn is more important than reducing bilirubin concentration. It is suggested to adjust the indoor temperature and bask in the sun through the glass, which is feasible for physiological jaundice.

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