圣贤养生(原神灸网)

饮食养生:胆石症危害

当油餐后或在夜间,胆囊结石易卡在胆囊颈部或胆囊管内,结石一旦嵌顿,胆囊里的胆汁流不出去,使胆囊内压力升高,胆囊膨胀,胆囊为排出其胆汁,不得不加强收缩。

When the oil meal or at night, gallstone easily stuck in the neck of the gallbladder or cystic duct, once the stone incarcerated, the bile in the gallbladder can not flow out, so that the pressure in the gallbladder increases, the gallbladder expands, and the gallbladder has to strengthen its contraction in order to discharge its bile.

1.3、胆石症易导致胆囊癌一位肝胆外科专家说,过去,人们熟悉的只是胆结石、胆囊炎,如今胆管癌也很常见了,而胆囊癌患者往往都有胆结石,这证明胆囊癌与胆结石是直接的联系。

Cholelithiasis is easy to lead to gallbladder cancer. An expert in Hepatobiliary Surgery said that in the past, people were only familiar with gallstones and cholecystitis, but now cholangiocarcinoma is also very common, and gallbladder cancer patients often have gallstones, which proves that gallbladder cancer and gallstones are directly related.

2.2、易发生mof,老年人胆石症的病因为老年人心肺、肝肾功能代偿功能差,一旦发生胆囊炎、抗菌能力差、细菌和毒素易进入血循环。

2.2. MOF is easy to occur. Cholelithiasis in the elderly is due to poor compensatory function of heart, lung, liver and kidney. Once cholecystitis occurs, antibacterial ability is poor, bacteria and toxins are easy to enter the blood circulation.

2.3、老年人应激反应迟钝,免疫功能低下,症状和体征不典型。

2.3. The old people's stress response is slow, the immune function is low, and the symptoms and signs are not typical.

3、老年人胆石症的症状3.1、腹痛诉心前区或右上腹隐痛,伴右肩部或腰部放射痛,进油腻食物或饮酒后突然发生呈现胀痛,易与心绞痛,肾结石痛混淆,且老年人胆石症疼痛程度比青年人胆绞痛轻。

3. The symptoms of cholelithiasis in the elderly were 3.1. Abdominal pain complained of dull pain in the precordial area or right upper abdomen, accompanied by radiation pain in the right shoulder or waist. After eating greasy food or drinking alcohol, the swelling pain occurred suddenly, which was easy to be confused with angina pectoris and kidney stone pain.

如黄疸加重。

If jaundice worsens.

胆石的药物治疗1、鹅去氧胆酸(cdca) 对非肥胖患者12——15mg/(kg/d),如肥胖患者,因胆道内胆固醇含量增加,则为18——20mg/(kg/d),如有腹泻等副作用,则剂量为每天500mg,另可有血清转氨酶升高,故目前已很少应用,如应用则须每日随访转氨酶,至少三个月。

Cholelithiasis drug treatment 1. Chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) for non obese patients 12-15 mg/(kg/D), such as obese patients, due to the increase of cholesterol content in the bile duct, it is 18-20 mg/(kg/D). If there are side effects such as diarrhea, the dose is 500 mg/day. In addition, the serum transaminase can be increased. Therefore, it is rarely used. If it is used, transaminase should be followed up every day for at least three months.

对阳性结石,胆囊造影不显影,合并肠炎、肝病或糖尿病的患者不宜应用。

For positive stones, cholecystography does not develop, patients with enteritis, liver disease or diabetes should not be used.

手术前后饮食中的脂肪应限制在20克左右,随病情好转可略为增加,以改善菜肴色、香、味而刺激食欲。

The fat in the diet before and after operation should be limited to about 20 grams, which can be slightly increased with the improvement of the condition, so as to improve the color, aroma and taste of dishes and stimulate appetite.

忌用油腻、煎、炸以及脂肪多的食物,如肥猪肉、羊肉、填鸭、肥鹅、黄油、油酥点心、奶油蛋糕等。

Avoid greasy, fried, fried and fatty food, such as fat pork, mutton, stuffed duck, fat goose, butter, pastry, cream cake, etc.

4、补充蛋白质。

4. Supplement protein.

选择富含钙、钾、铁的食物。

Choose foods rich in calcium, potassium and iron.

7、戒食一切辛辣食物和刺激性强的调味品。

7. Abstain from all spicy food and pungent condiments.

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发生于各级胆管内的结石称胆管结石,发生于胆囊内的结石称胆囊结石,二者统称胆石症。The stones occurring in all levels of bile duct are called bile duct stones, and t

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