圣贤养生(原神灸网)

饮食养生:什么原因引起的胆囊肿瘤

前者系由于胆囊压力过高或胆固醇代谢异常,导致胆固醇颗粒沉淀于黏膜上皮细胞的基底层,组织细胞过度膨胀造成;亦有学者认为是由于黏膜上的巨噬细胞吞食胆固醇结晶后聚积而成;后者则由于炎症刺激造成组织间质的腺性上皮增生,并由大量的淋巴细胞和单核细胞为主的炎性细胞浸润形成。

The former is caused by high gallbladder pressure or abnormal cholesterol metabolism, resulting in cholesterol particles settling in the basal layer of mucosal epithelial cells, resulting in excessive expansion of tissue cells; some scholars also believe that it is due to the accumulation of macrophages on the mucosa after swallowing cholesterol crystals; the latter is caused by inflammatory stimulation, resulting in glandular epithelial hyperplasia in tissue stroma, It was formed by infiltration of a large number of lymphocytes and mononuclear cells.

胆囊腺肌瘤属于胆囊增生性病变之一,是由于胆囊黏膜增生肥厚。

Adenomyoma of gallbladder is one of the proliferative lesions of gallbladder, which is caused by hyperplasia and hypertrophy of gallbladder mucosa.

标准的根治性胆囊手术,切除范围包括完整的胆囊切除,楔形切除胆囊床2~3cm的肝组织,并清除区域淋巴结。

Standard radical cholecystectomy includes complete cholecystectomy, wedge-shaped resection of liver tissue 2-3 cm of gallbladder bed, and regional lymph node clearance.

中晚期的胆囊癌可行扩大胆囊癌根治术,主要针对癌肿侵及转移的不同部位而采用包括,右肝切除、胰十二指肠切除、门静脉重建等联合手术,nakamura报告2例晚期胆囊癌施行右半肝叶切除术及根治性胆囊切除和肝十二指肠韧带淋巴结清扫,该2例分别存活12、13年,并未见复发,由此可见如病人一般性况较好,该术式可望提高远期疗效。

Extended radical cholecystectomy is feasible for advanced gallbladder cancer, which mainly includes right hepatectomy, pancreatoduodenectomy and portal vein reconstruction. Nakamura reported 2 cases of advanced gallbladder cancer who underwent right hemihepatectomy, radical cholecystectomy and hepatoduodenal ligament lymph node dissection. The two cases survived for 12 and 13 years respectively, It can be seen that if the patient's general condition is good, the long-term effect of the operation can be improved.

人们需要保持愉快的心理状态,养成良好的饮食习惯,禁食辛辣,少食厚腻食品,不要饮烈性酒。

People need to maintain a happy mental state, develop good eating habits, fast spicy, less thick greasy food, do not drink strong wine.

2、有70%一90%的胆囊肿瘤病人合并有胆囊炎胆石症――这叫能与胆囊炎胆石症时造成的粘膜上皮发生反复损伤、修复、异型化,最后导致癌变有关。

2. 70% to 90% of patients with gallbladder tumor have cholecystitis and cholelithiasis, which is related to the repeated injury, repair and heteromorphism of mucosal epithelium caused by cholecystitis and cholelithiasis, and finally leading to canceration.

3、嗜油腻饮食者可增加患胆囊炎胆石症的机会,故也就增加了患胆囊肿瘤的可能性。

3. Greasy diet can increase the risk of cholecystitis and cholelithiasis, so it also increases the possibility of gallbladder tumor.

积极治疗癌病变前,迟早社除可能引起癌变的诱因,如积极治疗胆囊炎,对于有症状的胆结石或较大的结石要尽早行胆囊切除术。

Before the active treatment of cancer lesions, sooner or later, we should remove the possible causes of cancer, such as active treatment of cholecystitis. For symptomatic gallstones or larger stones, cholecystectomy should be performed as soon as possible.

2、保护消化系统功能可用甜菜、杨梅、山药、薏苡仁、萝卜等。

2. The function of digestive system can be protected by beet, bayberry, yam, coix seed, radish, etc.

3、多食有益于利胆和抗癌的食品,如荞麦、薏苡仁、猴头菇、豆腐渣、金针菜、海参、无花果、芝麻、沙棘等。

3. Eat foods beneficial to gall and cancer, such as buckwheat, coix seed, Hericium erinaceus, bean curd residue, broccoli, sea cucumber, fig, sesame, seabuckthorn, etc.

4、多吃谷类、粗粮、豆类及其制品、新鲜瓜果和蔬菜及大蒜、香姑、木耳、洋葱、鱼等具有降低胆固醇作用的食物。

4. Eat more Cereals, coarse grains, beans and their products, fresh fruits and vegetables, garlic, Xianggu, agaric, onion, fish and other foods with cholesterol lowering effect.

饮食养生:胆石症危害

当油餐后或在夜间,胆囊结石易卡在胆囊颈部或胆囊管内,结石一旦嵌顿,胆囊里的胆汁流不出去,使胆囊内压力升高,胆囊膨胀,胆囊为排出其胆汁,不得不加强收缩。When the oil meal

饮食养生:什么原因引起的胆囊肿瘤

前者系由于胆囊压力过高或胆固醇代谢异常,导致胆固醇颗粒沉淀于黏膜上皮细胞的基底层,组织细胞过度膨胀造成;亦有学者认为是由于黏膜上的巨噬细胞吞食胆固醇结晶后聚积而成;

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