圣贤养生(原神灸网)

饮食养生:胆石症的概念

发生于各级胆管内的结石称胆管结石,发生于胆囊内的结石称胆囊结石,二者统称胆石症。

The stones occurring in all levels of bile duct are called bile duct stones, and those occurring in gallbladder are called gallstone.

常为二种以上因素联合致病。

It is often caused by more than two factors.

按胆石组成成分可将胆石分为色素性胆石、胆固醇性胆石和混合石三种基本类型。

According to the composition of gallstones, gallstones can be divided into pigment gallstones, cholesterol gallstones and mixed stones.

我国以色素性胆石多见。

Pigmented gallstones are common in China.

肝胆结石是一种常见病、多发病,是指发生于肝胆系统内任何部位的结石,包括胆囊结石、胆总管结石、肝总管结石、肝内胆管结石、复合部位结石等。

Hepatolithiasis is a kind of common and frequently occurring disease, which refers to any part of hepatobiliary system, including gallstone, common bile duct stone, hepatolithiasis, intrahepatic bile duct stone, compound part stone, etc.

按结石的化学成分,肝胆结石分为胆固醇结石、胆色素结石和混合性结石。

According to the chemical composition of stones, hepatolithiasis can be divided into cholesterol stones, pigment gallstones and mixed stones.

2、胆石症是什么原因引起的2.1、基因、家族史胆石症发病在种族之间的差异明显,提示遗传因素是胆石病的发病机制之一。

2. 1. Gene and family history of cholelithiasis are different among different races, suggesting that genetic factors are one of the pathogenesis of cholelithiasis.

由于孕期的雌激素增加使胆汁成分发生变化,可增加胆汁中胆固醇的饱和度;而妊娠期的胆囊排空缓慢;孕期和产后的体重变化及饮食结构也影响胆汁成分,改变了胆汁酸的肠肝循环,促进了胆固醇结晶的形成。

Due to the increase of estrogen during pregnancy, the bile composition changes, which can increase the saturation of cholesterol in the bile; however, the gallbladder emptying in pregnancy is slow; the weight changes during pregnancy and postpartum and the diet structure also affect the bile composition, change the intestinal and hepatic circulation of bile acids, and promote the formation of cholesterol crystals.

2.3、肥胖临床和流行病学研究显示,肥胖是胆囊胆固醇结石发病的一个重要危险因素,肥胖人发病率为正常体重人群的3倍。

2.3. Obesity and clinical epidemiology show that obesity is an important risk factor for gallstone cholesterol gallstone, and obesity incidence rate is 3 times that of normal weight population.

3.3、腹痛上腹部或右上腹急性绞痛,疼痛剧烈有阵发性倾向。

3. 3. Abdominal pain: acute colic in upper abdomen or right upper abdomen, severe pain, paroxysmal tendency.

此种绞痛消失后,仍有上腹部胀痛1-2天。

After this kind of colic disappears, there is still epigastric distension pain for 1-2 days.

绞痛发作可间隔数周、数月甚至数年后再发生,但不会每天都有绞痛发作。

Colic attacks can recur after weeks, months or even years, but not every day.

3.4、黄疸黄疸这种症状是很少出现的,如果出现的话,患者的眼睛肯定是会变黄的。

3.4. Jaundice and jaundice are rare symptoms, if it occurs, the patient's eyes will certainly turn yellow.

胆石症的食疗方法1、大金钱草蒸猪肝准备好60克的大金钱草,250克的猪肝,1.5克的狗宝,备用。

Cholelithiasis dietotherapy method 1, Lysimachia christinae steamed pig liver, prepared 60 grams of Lysimachia christinae, 250 grams of pig liver, 1.5 grams of dog treasure, standby.

用法:金钱草,狗宝洗净,捣碎研成细末,猪肝洗净,入沸水中氽透,用凉水冲洗干净,沥去水分,切成片,放在碗内,撤 上药末,拌匀,加葱节,姜片,清汤,入笼中蒸30分钟左右, 取出,泌出汤汁,加食盐,味精调味,用以佐餐。

Usage: wash Lysimachia christinae and goubao, mash and grind into fine powder, wash pig liver, pour into boiling water, rinse thoroughly with cold water, drain water, cut into slices, put in bowl, remove medicine powder, mix well, add onion section, ginger slices, clear soup, steam in cage for about 30 minutes, take out, secrete soup, add salt, monosodium glutamate seasoning, to accompany meals.

作用:疏肝利胆;适用于胆道结石。

Function: Soothing Liver and promoting gallbladder; suitable for bile duct stones.

用法:将玉米须洗净,晒干,剪成小段,开水冲泡,代茶饮用。

Usage: wash corn silk, dry in the sun, cut into small sections, brew with boiling water, and drink instead of tea.

作用:清热利胆;适用于胆道结石。

Function: clearing away heat and promoting gallbladder; suitable for bile duct stones.

用法:将白茅根,猪肉洗干净,将肉切成一片一片,白茅根切成一小段,一起放入砂锅中,加入调料,放入清水,再用大火烧沸,再用小火温至肉熟烂,吃肉喝汤。

Usage: wash the rhizome of Imperata and pork, cut the meat into pieces, cut the root of Imperata into small pieces, put them into the casserole together, add seasoning, add water, and then boil it over a high fire, and then warm the meat until it is cooked and rotten. Eat meat and drink soup.

3、多进食高纤维饮食多吃些蔬菜,比如新鲜蔬菜、大蒜、洋葱、香菇、木耳、玉米须等食物,减少高热量的食物,比如炸香蕉、炸香蕉片和油条等的食物。

3. Eat more high fiber diet, eat more vegetables, such as fresh vegetables, garlic, onions, mushrooms, fungus, corn whiskers and other food, reduce high calorie food, such as fried bananas, fried banana slices and fried dough sticks.

4、避免不合理的快速减肥胆结石的患者有一部分是由于肥胖引起的,但是不宜快速减肥,快速减肥对自己身体伤害挺大。

4. To avoid unreasonable rapid weight loss, gallstone patients are partly caused by obesity, but it is not suitable for rapid weight loss, fast weight loss is very harmful to their own body.

增加运动有助于提高免疫力,减少发病几率,适当的增加运动是必要的,但是运动量不能太大。

It is necessary to increase exercise, but the amount of exercise should not be too large.

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