圣贤养生(原神灸网)

饮食养生:摘胆手术的后遗症

如果胆囊一经切除,肝胆汁由肝内排出后却无处可存,不管人体是否需要,只能持续不断地排入肠道;这样,当人进食时胆汁量不足从而影响食物的消化和吸收,特别是影响对脂肪的消化吸收,其结果一是诱发脂肪泻及脂溶性维生素的缺乏等,二是造成身体遭受消化不良、腹胀腹泻的痛苦。

If the gall bladder is removed, the liver and gall juice is discharged from the liver, but there is no place to store. No matter whether the human body needs it or not, it can only continuously drain into the intestinal tract. In this way, when people eat, the amount of bile is insufficient, which will affect the digestion and absorption of food, especially the digestion and absorption of fat. The first result is to induce fatty diarrhea and the lack of fat soluble vitamins, Second, the body suffered from indigestion, abdominal distension and diarrhea.

这一过程与胃十二指肠的分泌及蠕动是有规律地同步进行的。

This process is synchronous with the secretion and peristalsis of gastroduodenum.

胆囊切除后胆汁持续进入肠道而又缺乏食物和胃酸的中和,胆汁可在十二指肠内淤积而逆流入胃,使胃内ph值升高,细菌繁殖,而使胃粘膜充血、水肿、脆性增加,胃腺体萎缩及溃疡形成。

After cholecystectomy, bile continues to enter the intestinal tract and lacks the neutralization of food and gastric acid. Bile can accumulate in the duodenum and counter flow into the stomach, which increases the pH value in the stomach, causes bacterial reproduction, and causes congestion, edema and brittleness of gastric mucosa, atrophy of gastric glands and formation of ulcer.

胃酸分泌明显下降,胃壁细胞受损。

Gastric acid secretion decreased significantly and gastric parietal cells were damaged.

所以,术后1~2天,应严格禁食,宜用静脉滴注补充各种营养。

Therefore, 1-2 days after operation, should be strictly fasting, intravenous drip should be used to supplement all kinds of nutrition.

第3天起可视情况给予流质饮食,如米汤、豆浆、藕粉、果汁等,随后再逐渐改为脱脂牛奶加甜面包、大米稀粥、豆腐羹、枣泥米糊以及面食类等。

From the third day, liquid diet, such as rice soup, soybean milk, lotus root powder and fruit juice, can be given according to the situation, and then gradually changed to skimmed milk with sweet bread, rice gruel, bean curd soup, jujube paste and pasta.

减少脂肪类摄入,主要指不吃或尽量少吃肥肉、动物内脏、蛋黄及油炸食品,也不宜吃各类高脂肪、高热量的“快餐食品”。

Reducing fat intake mainly refers to not eating fat meat, animal viscera, egg yolk and fried food as much as possible. It is also not suitable to eat all kinds of "fast food" with high fat and high calorie.

3、b型超声:可发现胆管扩张,胆石、胆道肿瘤、胰腺炎等。

3. B-mode ultrasound: can find bile duct dilation, gallstone, biliary tract tumor, pancreatitis and so on.

4、上消化道造影:诊断食管裂孔疝、溃疡病、十二指肠憩室等很有帮助。

4. Upper gastrointestinal radiography: diagnosis of esophageal hiatal hernia, ulcer disease, duodenal diverticulum is very helpful.

5、肝胆ct扫描:诊断肝肿瘤、肝内外胆管扩张、胆石病、慢性胰腺炎等。

5. Liver and gallbladder CT scan: diagnosis of liver tumor, intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile duct dilatation, cholelithiasis, chronic pancreatitis, etc.

饮食养生:摘胆手术的后遗症

如果胆囊一经切除,肝胆汁由肝内排出后却无处可存,不管人体是否需要,只能持续不断地排入肠道;这样,当人进食时胆汁量不足从而影响食物的消化和吸收,特别是影响对脂肪的消化吸

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