圣贤养生(原神灸网)

饮食养生:胆道梗阻怎么治疗

当胆囊内的化学成分不平衡时,可以形成胆结石。

When the chemical composition of the gallbladder is unbalanced, gallstones can form.

如果胆结石足够大,它们在通过胆道系统时可能阻塞胆管。

If gallstones are large enough, they may block the bile duct as they pass through the biliary system.

2.2、胆管癌或胰腺癌胆管癌是指胆管系统内发生的所有癌症。

2.2 cholangiocarcinoma or pancreatic cancer cholangiocarcinoma refers to all cancers occurring in the biliary system.

如果胰腺癌转移入肠道,会引起胆管阻塞。

If pancreatic cancer metastases into the intestine, it can cause bile duct obstruction.

2.3、受损有时会由于医疗过程中发生的伤害(如胆囊手术或内窥镜检查)而导致堵塞。

2.3. Damage can sometimes be caused by injury during medical treatment (such as cholecystectomy or endoscopy).

3、胆道梗阻的症状3.1、腹痛腹痛多位于上腹部剑突下,轻重不等有时仅为阁胀或隐痛,胀痛也较常见。

3. The symptoms of biliary obstruction 3.1, abdominal pain abdominal pain in the upper abdomen under the xiphoid process, varying in severity, sometimes only for cabinet distension or dull pain, distending pain is more common.

其放射部位因绍石的位置而异,位于右后叶的肝胆管结石,疼痛常放射至右肩、背部(右肩5p角下及右肩肿冈上方);左侧肝胆瞥结石,疼痛则放射至剑突下、下胸执在急性发作时,胸背部有持续而剧烈的疼痛者,应考虑有肝胆管结石的可能。

The location of radiation varies with the location of Shaoshi. For hepatolithiasis located in the right posterior lobe, the pain often radiates to the right shoulder and back (under the 5P angle of the right shoulder and above the swelling ridge of the right shoulder); when the left hepatobiliary stone is glimpsed, the pain radiates to the lower xiphoid process and the lower chest. In case of acute attack, the possibility of hepatolithiasis should be considered.

由于胆管感染和肝胰壶腹括约肌痉挛、水肿等硼,可出现上腹痛、发热、黄疽缆状。

As a result of bile duct infection and hepatopancreatic ampullary sphincter spasm, edema, abdominal pain, fever, yellow gangrene cable.

3.3、慢性肝胆管梗阻症状有时只表现为长期反复发作的不规则发热、肝区不适和疼痛,疼痛不太剧烈,但深在而持续,常在夜间加重。

3.3. Sometimes the symptoms of chronic hepatobiliary obstruction are irregular fever, discomfort and pain in the liver region, which are not severe, but deep and persistent, and often worsen at night.

临床上易误诊为慢性肝炎和胆管炎。

It is easy to be misdiagnosed as chronic hepatitis and cholangitis.

肾功能衰竭的临床判定指标虽然明确,多能及早发现,但肾脏不像肝脏那样具有较大储备力,一旦发生衰竭,救治亦比较困难,因此应注意预防肾功能衰竭和对肾脏的监护。

Although the clinical indicators of renal failure are clear and can be detected as soon as possible, the kidney does not have the greater reserve capacity as the liver does. Once failure occurs, the treatment is also relatively difficult. Therefore, we should pay attention to the prevention of renal failure and the monitoring of the kidney.

应在充分补足液体量的同时间断应用利尿药,以利于排除毒性物质、“冲洗”沉积于肾小管内的胆栓。

It is suggested that diuretics should be used intermittently at the same time of replenishing the liquid, so as to eliminate the toxic substances and "flush" the bile embolus deposited in the renal tubules.

胆道梗阻患者日常饮食在饮食方面要科学安排,应做到“七要”与“五忌”。

The diet of patients with biliary obstruction should be scientifically arranged, and "seven Musts" and "five Taboos" should be achieved.

1、七要:一要多吃含维生素a的食物,如绿色蔬菜、胡萝卜、番茄、白菜等,平时应多吃些香蕉、苹果等水果。

1. Seven to: one should eat more vitamin A foods, such as green vegetables, carrots, tomatoes, cabbage, etc., usually should eat more bananas, apples and other fruits.

二要用植物油炒菜,所吃的菜以炖、烩、蒸为主。

Second, vegetable oil should be used to stir fry dishes, and the dishes eaten are mainly stewed, stewed and steamed.

五要吃早餐,不可空腹的时间太长。

Five to eat breakfast, not too long on an empty stomach.

六要经常运动,防止便秘。

Six to regular exercise, prevent constipation.

七要减肥。

Seven to lose weight.

2、五忌:一忌胆固醇较高的食物,如动物心、肝、脑、肠以及蛋黄、松花蛋、鱼子及巧克力等。

2. Five taboos: one taboo high cholesterol food, such as animal heart, liver, brain, intestines and egg yolk, eggs, roe and chocolate.

二忌高脂肪食物,如肥肉、猪油、油炸食品,油多的糕点也不宜多吃,因为过多的脂肪引起胆囊收缩,导致疼痛。

Second, avoid high-fat food, such as fat meat, lard, fried food, greasy pastry should not eat more, because too much fat causes gallbladder contraction, leading to pain.

五忌烟、酒、咖啡等,这些带有刺激性的食品会使胃酸过多,胆囊剧烈收缴而导致胆道口括约肌痉挛、胆汁排出困难,易诱发胆绞痛。

Five do not smoke, wine, coffee, and so on, these stimulating food will make the stomach acid is too much, the gallbladder is violently collected, which leads to sphincter spasm of the biliary tract, difficulty in bile excretion, and easy to induce biliary colic.

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