圣贤养生(原神灸网)

饮食养生:胆囊结石的中医诊断

证候分析:情志不舒,肝气失于条达,胆汁排泄不畅,故有右上腹绞痛阵作、疼痛向肩背放射、每因情志之变动加剧。

Syndrome analysis: the emotion is not comfortable, the liver Qi is not smooth, the bile excretion is not smooth, so there are angina pectoris in the right upper abdomen, the pain radiates to the shoulder and back, and the change of emotion is aggravated.

舌苔黄腻,脉弦紧。

The tongue coating is yellow and greasy, and the pulse is stringy.

证候分析:湿热蕴结于肝胆,肝络失和,胆不疏泄,故有持续性右上腹胀痛或绞痛;胆经行于身体之侧,故痛引肩背;湿热内结,邪热炽盛,故有发热畏寒。

Syndrome analysis: dampness and heat are accumulated in liver and gallbladder, liver collaterals are disharmony, and gallbladder is not lax, so there is persistent right epigastric distension pain or colic; the gallbladder meridian runs on the side of the body, so the pain leads to shoulder and back; damp heat internal knot, evil heat is hot, so there is fever and fear of cold.

首选b超检查,可见胆囊内有强回声团、随体位改变而移动、其后有声影即可确诊为胆囊结石。

The first choice of B-ultrasound examination, visible in the gallbladder with a strong echo mass, with the change of body position, followed by sound shadow can be diagnosed as gallbladder stones.

仅有10%~15%的胆囊结石含有钙,腹部x线能确诊,侧位照片可与右肾结石区别。

Only 10% ~ 15% of gallstones contain calcium. Abdominal X-ray can confirm the diagnosis, and lateral photos can be distinguished from right kidney stones.

ct、mri也可显示胆囊结石。

CT and MRI can also show gallstones.

但不作为常规检查。

But not as a routine examination.

3.2、微创疗法只需在患者腹部做三个2-3公分的小切口即可达到治疗的目的,因微创、出血少、恢复快因此受到患者朋友们的青睐,不过对于细小的结石,微创疗法现在尚无法做到彻底取出,这种情况下甚至还可能导致新的结石的出现,因此在治疗胆结石的时候并不是适合所有患者的。

3.2. Minimally invasive therapy only needs to make three 2-3cm small incisions in the abdomen of patients to achieve the purpose of treatment. Because of minimally invasive, less bleeding and quick recovery, it is favored by friends of patients. However, for small stones, minimally invasive therapy is still unable to completely remove, in this case, it may even lead to the emergence of new stones, Therefore, the treatment of gallstones is not suitable for all patients.

4、要多吃些能促进胆分泌和松弛胆道括约肌、有汁胆作用的食物,如山楂、乌梅、玉米须(泡茶慢慢喝)。

4. To eat more can promote bile secretion and relaxation of bile duct sphincter, juice bile role of food, such as hawthorn, plum, corn silk (tea slowly drink).

6、多吃富含蛋白质的食物,以保证每日热量及新陈代谢的需要。

6. Eat more protein rich foods to ensure daily calorie and metabolic needs.

8、多饮茶。

8. Drink more tea.

茶水有增加胆汁排泌的作用,同时茶叶不仅含有丰富的蛋白质,还含有丰富的维生素。

Tea has the effect of increasing bile excretion. At the same time, tea is not only rich in protein, but also rich in vitamins.

忌吃含胆固醇较高的的食物,如动物心、肝、脑、肠以及蛋黄、松花蛋鱼子及巧克力等。

Avoid foods with high cholesterol content, such as animal heart, liver, brain, intestine, egg yolk, egg yolk, fish roe and chocolate.

因为暴饮暴食会促使胆汁大量分泌,而胆囊强烈的收缩又会引起胆囊发炎、局部绞痛等。

Because excessive drinking and overeating can promote the secretion of a large number of bile, and the strong contraction of the gallbladder will cause gallbladder inflammation, local colic and so on.

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证候分析:情志不舒,肝气失于条达,胆汁排泄不畅,故有右上腹绞痛阵作、疼痛向肩背放射、每因情志之变动加剧。Syndrome analysis: the emotion is not comfortable, the liver

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