圣贤养生(原神灸网)

饮食养生:胃炎和胆囊炎怎么鉴别

随着生活节奏和饮食结构的不断变化,胃病和肝胆疾病患者越来越多,其中胃炎和胆囊炎比较常见。

With the continuous change of life rhythm and diet structure, more and more patients with stomach disease and hepatobiliary disease, among which gastritis and cholecystitis are more common.

那么大家知不知道,胃炎和胆囊炎怎么鉴别呢?下面我们一起来看看吧。

So do you know, gastritis and cholecystitis how to distinguish it? Let's have a look.

患者可以从多个方面来区分胃炎和胆囊炎。

Patients can distinguish gastritis and cholecystitis from many aspects.

胃炎的疼痛部位主要为中上腹和左上腹,一般由受凉、饮食不当等因素诱发,可出现胆囊炎患者所没有的呕血、黑便等症状;胆囊炎的疼痛部位主要为右上腹,常于夜间发作,可出现胃炎患者不会有的黄疸现象。

The pain site of gastritis is mainly in the middle upper abdomen and left upper abdomen, which is generally induced by factors such as cold, improper diet, etc., which may cause hematemesis and melena that cholecystitis patients do not have; the pain location of cholecystitis is mainly the right upper abdomen, which often attacks at night, and jaundice phenomenon that gastritis patients do not have.

胃炎和胆囊炎患者都可出现恶心、呕吐、嗳气、便秘、食欲不振等消化道症状,但两者的其它表现症状并不完全相同。

Gastritis and cholecystitis patients can appear nausea, vomiting, belching, constipation, loss of appetite and other gastrointestinal symptoms, but the other symptoms of the two are not exactly the same.

由于胃部在人体左上腹的肋骨下缘,胃炎患者的疼痛主要表现为上腹部和左上腹的隐痛,症状较重者表现为中上腹钝痛或烧灼痛。

Because the stomach is located at the lower edge of the ribs of the left upper abdomen, the pain of gastritis patients mainly shows the dull pain of upper abdomen and left upper abdomen, and the more severe symptoms are dull pain or burning pain of middle and upper abdomen.

胆囊炎患者的疼痛部位主要为右上腹,当胆绞痛发作时,疼痛会进行性加重,放射到右肩、肩胛甚至背部,查体时可发现胆囊区有叩痛的情况。

The main pain site of cholecystitis patients is the right upper abdomen. When the gall bladder colic attacks, the pain will be gradually aggravated and radiated to the right shoulder, scapula and even back. Percussion pain can be found in the gallbladder area during physical examination.

另外,胆囊炎可有反复发作性上腹部疼痛多发生在右上腹或中上腹部,并向右肩胛下区放射。

In addition, cholecystitis may have recurrent epigastric pain, mostly in the right upper abdomen or middle upper abdomen, and radiate to the right subascapular area.

腹痛常发生于餐后但亦可于饮食无关,疼痛常呈持续性。

Abdominal pain often occurs after meals, but it can also have nothing to do with diet.

可伴有反射性恶心少有呕吐及发热、黄疸等症状。

Can be accompanied by reflex nausea, less vomiting and fever, jaundice and other symptoms.

可伴有反酸嗳气等消化不良症状,并于进油腻食物后加重。

After belching, it can aggravate the symptoms of indigestion.

而胃炎缺乏特异性症状的轻重与胃粘膜的病变程度并非一致。

The severity of gastritis lack of specific symptoms is not consistent with the degree of gastric mucosal lesions.

大多数病人常无症状或有程度不同的消化不良症状如上腹隐痛、食欲减退餐后饱胀、反酸等。

Most patients are often asymptomatic or have different degrees of dyspepsia symptoms, such as abdominal dull pain, loss of appetite, postprandial fullness, acid regurgitation, etc.

实胆囊炎和胃炎在疾病本身区别很明显的,只是在症状上比较难区别,最好的办法就是到医院做个b超和胃镜检查就好了。

Solid cholecystitis and gastritis in the disease itself is very obvious, only in the symptoms more difficult to distinguish, the best way is to the hospital to do a B ultrasound and gastroscopy.

无论是胃炎还是胆囊炎的患者,都要注意饮食要清淡,不吃油腻食物;应细嚼慢咽,忌暴饮暴食。

Whether it is gastritis or cholecystitis patients, should pay attention to light diet, do not eat greasy food; should chew slowly, avoid overeating.

还避免饮浓茶、烈酒、浓咖啡,进食辛辣、过冷、过热和粗糙食物。

Also avoid drinking strong tea, strong wine, strong coffee, eating spicy, supercooled, overheated and coarse food.

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